Sri Lanka along with the Western Ghats is one of 34 biodiversity hotspots’ globally. Despite its small size of 65,701 km2, the island exhibits a wide array of ecosystems with a remarkable diversity of species, considered to be the richest per unit area in the Asian region.
Along its 1,620 km coastline, its rich marine and coastal biodiversity is supported by a number of habitats including coral reefs, mangroves, sea grassbeds, salt marsh vegetation, sand dunes and beaches.
However, much like the rest of Asia, these coastal ecosystems continue to be under threat from anthropogenic activities in coastal zones, where 25% of the island’s population is concentrated. Urbanisation,increasing tourism, pollution and particularly the growth of the fisheries sector have place heavy pressures on resources and biodiversity. Although Sri Lanka has the ability to generate vast revenue through sustainably harvested marine products, this is hindered by Illegal, Unregulated, and Unreported (IUU) fishing, threatening opportunities in the export market greatly.
Bottom trawling is a particularly destructive form of fishing practice that causes irreversible damage to the marine environment by scraping the sea floor and in 2017 Sri Lanka banned the use of bottom trawl nets through the Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (Amendment) Act. However,failure to enforce the law has enabled some industrial scale fishermen to continue bottom trawling, which has led to immense ecological destruction and conflict with artisanal small-scale fishermen.
With the support of ADMCF, Environmental Foundation (Guarantee) Limited (EFL) are taking active steps to hold authorities accountable and improve good governance against bottom trawling in Sri Lanka, while encouraging the civil society to promote advocacy for environmentally sustainable economic growth.
China, Global, Hong Kong
CITES COP19 – deciding the fate of 600 species
Part I: COP19, what it is and why it’s important
November 18, 2022
Sophie le Clue
From the 14th-25th November around 2000 researchers, advocates, policy experts, traders and official representatives from up to 184 countries are attending a critical gathering in Panama – the 19th Conference of the Parties ...
PROGRAMA: CITES CoP19, Sesión Informativa Mundial de Expertos
September 19, 2022
Las reuniones de la Conferencia de las Partes (CoP) de la Convención sobre el Comercio Internacional de Especies Amenazadas de Fauna y Flora Silvestres (CITES) pueden ser bastante intensas, complejas y, a veces, controvertidas. ...
Global, Hong Kong
L’ORDRE DU JOUR: CITES CP19 Briefing d’experts mondiaux
September 19, 2022
Une réunion de la Conférence des Parties (CP) de la Convention sur le commerce international des espèces de faune et de flore sauvages menacées d’extinction (CITES) peut être assez intense, complexe et parfois ...